Arthritis: Description, Causes and Symptoms


Arthritis is a type of joint disorder that affects millions of people across the globe. A joint is a part of the body where two different bones are connected. Joints serve as a way to move body parts connected by its bones. Literally speaking, arthritis is an inflammation of one or more joints.

There are over 100 identified types of arthritis. Arthritis types ranges from cartilage wear and tear to associated inflammation resulting from an overactive immune system. There are so many arthritis types that it is one of the most common illness in the US.

Arthritis Causes

The form of arthritis will determine the cause of the condition. For example, injuries lead to osteoarthritis, metabolic abnormalities causes gout and pseudogout, direct and indirect effect of viral or bacterial infections and a misdirected immune system with autoimmunity causes rheumatoid arthritis and systemic lupus erythematosus.

Arthritis Symptoms

  • Joints inflammation
  • Joint stiffness
  • Swelling/redness
  • Tenderness of the inflamed joints
  • Pain and limited joint function

Some types of arthritis causes rheumatic diseases with symptoms that affects various body organs though not directly involving the joints. Such types of arthritis causes the following symptoms:

  • Fever
  • Gland swelling
  • Weight loss
  • Fatigue
  • Abnormalities of organs (heart, lungs, kidneys)

Arthritis Treatment

Treatment for arthritis ranges from physical therapy, paraffin wax dips, anti-inflammatory medication, surgical operations, cold-pack application, splinting and immune system-altering medications.

When to Seek Help

If you are afflicted with this condition and suffers loss of motion, deformity, stiffness, or severe pain, it is best to seek the help of a health care professional. Pain lasting for a week should also be checked to prevent joint damage or disability.

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